FINTECH: AN AGENT OF DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Africa is the continent with more indexes of poverty. Nevertheless, in the last 15 years there has been constant growth not just in a few, but in most of Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Internal factors such as improvement in the quality of governance and institutions, improvement of macroeconomic policies and performance and more stable political conditions has led to increased foreign investment in recent years.
The World Bank data shows the constant growth of SSA GDP in the 21st century, in contrast with that of Latin American that has not been constant.
Ethiopia, Senegal, Rwanda and Cote d´Ivoire are in the 2019 list of “The Ten Fastest Growing Economies in the World”. The common denominator for these countries’ development are government reforms, liberation of economy and protection of private property.
Technology is playing a very important role in the development of the continent and especially in the realm of FinTech. At least 60% of the SSA population are unbanked, these financial gaps left by traditional services are being plugged through mobile financial services and payment technologies provided by FinTech companies.
Fintech is predicted to contribute $150 billion to Africa´s GDP by 2022. On account of this both private and public investors worldwide are showing interest in these developments, which has been evidenced by an increase in investments in the SSA FinTech market.
This access to banking services for low-income population and small business-owners is creating significant social impact in the continent. The main factors of how FinTech startups are changing the SSA economy are:
Paga is an example of financial inclusion for the African population by creating a comprehensive mobile payment infrastructure. The company, founded in Nigeria by Tayo Oviosu, enables its clients to digitally send and receive money.
This Nigerian FinTech company now has more than 12.8 million customers who are served by more than 20 thousand agents. The agents can earn a commission for every transaction performed by their customers.
Access to loans
Fintech companies are providing microloans for lower-middle class citizens and small business owners. An example is Branch, which created an algorithmic approach to determine credit worthiness via customers´ smartphones. While this tech-forward approach requires transparency and trust, it also enables a fair, secure and convenient path for customers to build capital and save for the future.
Easier client verification
The creation of a single financial data application programming interface (API) that powers financial services to “onboard, verify and monitor identities remotely, by tapping into last mile data sets, offline and regular government databases.” This API allows startups to easily verify their clients without having rigorous background checks, and to expand their services, without the need to build their own infrastructure.
Options for businesses to scale
Farmcrowndyis Nigeria´s First Digital Agriculture Platform that empowers rural farmers by providing them with improved seeds, farm inputs and training on modern farming techniques, as well as offering a market for the sale of their farm produce. This gives the farmers the capacity to farm more acres and by extension leads to increased food production and security in Africa.
This platform is an example of how FinTech startups are expanding access to capital for small business through investment, which leads to growth in outputs and employment levels
These are just a few examples that show the promising signs of accelerated growth, ample investment and business opportunities for the FinTech sector and most importantly for the SSA economy.
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